مروری بر کاربرد نانوالیاف در پزشکی

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری - مطالعاتی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دانشگاه آزاد واحد یادگار امام خمینی (ره) شهرری- عضو باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام خمینی (ره)شهرری

3 دانشگاه آزاد واحدیادگار امام خمینی(ره)شهرری

چکیده

فناوری نانوالیاف رویکرد منحصر به فردی است که توجه بسیاری از محققان را به عنوان راه حلی برای چالش­های جاری در زمینه­های پزشکی همچون مراقبت­های سوختگی و زخم، بازسازی اعضای بدن ، درمان پوکی استخوان و بیماری­های مختلف مورد توجه قرار می دهد. طراحی داربست، نقش تعیین کننده ای در این زمینه دارد. الکتروریسی از متداول ترین روش­ها برای تولید نانوالیاف با نسبت سطح به حجم و تخلخل زیاد است که می تواند شرایط مشابه ماتریس خارج سلولی(ECM)  را فراهم کند. این امر به دلیل مقیاس نانومتری قطر الیاف ECM است که می تواند با روش الکتروریسی و همچنین ساختار متخلخل آن شبیه سازی شود. در این بررسی، کاربرد نانوالیاف در شاخه­های مختلف پزشکی مانند مهندسی بافت، رهایش دارو و پانسمان زخم در سال­های اخیر مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. این بررسی فرصت­هایی را برای توسعه مواد و تکنیک­های جدید فراهم می کند که توانایی ایجاد روش­های تحلیلی سریع، دقیق و قابل اطمینان را بهبود می بخشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


 

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